15 Spanish Words and Phrases to Start Learning Spanish

Starting to learn Spanish? Begin with these 15 essential words and phrases.

From simple hellos like ‘Hola’ to the basics like numbers, days of the week, and colors, these are crucial for chatting effectively.

But remember, learning a language isn’t just about the words; it’s also about connecting with people.

So, why not dive in and discover the richness of Spanish with these key words and phrases?

Basic Spanish Greetings

essential spanish greetings tutorial

Image Credit – TranslationBlog.net

Start your Spanish with the basics, crucial for any chat in Spanish.

Kick off with ‘Hola’ for hello and ‘Adios’ for goodbye.

Say ‘Gracias’ to thank someone, and don’t forget ‘Por favor’ when you ask for something.

If someone asks, ‘¿Cómo estás?’ tell them how you feel.

Get to know them by asking, ‘¿Cómo te llamas?’ for their name.

Use ‘Buenos días’ in the morning, ‘Buenas tardes’ in the afternoon, and ‘Buenas noches’ when it’s evening or night.

These simple words are the building blocks of your Spanish skills.

Spanish Numbers 1-10

Let’s start with the basics of Spanish: the numbers 1-10.

Here they are: uno (1), dos (2), tres (3), cuatro (4), cinco (5), seis (6), siete (7), ocho (8), nueve (9), and diez (10).

You’ll use these numbers all the time — counting, telling time, or talking about how many of something you need.

Make sure you can say them right. It’ll help a lot as you learn more Spanish.

Plus, knowing these will make things smoother when you’re in places where Spanish is spoken.

So, keep these basic numbers in mind as you move forward.

It’s a great first step.

Common Spanish Phrases

useful spanish expressions list

Dive into these key Spanish phrases to confidently handle daily chats. Start with the basics: ‘¿Cómo estás?’ means ‘How are you?’, ‘Por favor’ is ‘Please’, and ‘Gracias’ means ‘Thank you’.

Meeting someone? Ask ‘¿Cómo te llamas?’ which means ‘What is your name?’ or check the time with ‘¿Qué hora es?’ meaning ‘What time is it?’.

Need a hand? Say ‘¿Puede ayudarme?’ or ‘Can you help me?’. These phrases are crucial for connecting with others and being polite.

Learning these will really help you communicate better in various settings. So, keep practicing these phrases, and you’ll see how much more comfortable you feel speaking Spanish!

Days of the Week in Spanish

Let’s dive into the days of the week in Spanish, connecting your language skills to everyday life.

  1. Lunes – Monday
  2. Martes – Tuesday
  3. Miércoles – Wednesday
  4. Jueves – Thursday

Understanding the days of the week in Spanish is key when you’re in Spanish-speaking places. It helps you schedule your plans, set up meetings, and get the rhythm of the week.

Try using these words when you talk or plan your week. It’ll make you more comfortable and confident in your daily interactions. Keep learning new words to get better at Spanish!

Spanish Colors

colorful spanish language guide

Dive into the colorful world of Spanish and boost your language skills with these key words. Colors are crucial in daily Spanish conversations. Let’s start with some basics:

  • Rojo (Red)
  • Azul (Blue)
  • Amarillo (Yellow)
  • Verde (Green)
  • Naranja (Orange)
  • Morado (Purple)
  • Rosa (Pink)
  • Blanco (White)
  • Negro (Black)
  • Gris (Gray)

Knowing these colors isn’t just about naming what you see. It helps you get better at Spanish too. Try using these colors in sentences. It’s a good way to practice.

Get to know these vibrant words and enjoy speaking Spanish more fluently. Spanish isn’t just a language; it’s a new way to see the world.

Months of the Year in Spanish

Let’s dive into the months of the year in Spanish. We’ve already covered colors, so now let’s tackle time. Here are the first few months:

  1. Enero (January)
  2. Febrero (February)
  3. Marzo (March)
  4. Abril (April)

Knowing these names helps you plan and understand dates. It also gives you a taste of the culture. Try saying them out loud to get better at pronunciation.

You could start using them in everyday talk, like saying, ‘My birthday is in June,’ or ‘Mi cumpleaños es en junio.’

Keep up the good work as you learn more!

Spanish Food Vocabulary

learning spanish food terms

Dive into Spanish cuisine with some key food words that will help you get more from the culture.

Start with ‘paella,’ a tasty rice dish with things like seafood or chicken mixed in.

Then there’s ‘tapas,’ small tasty plates you can enjoy with a drink.

Don’t forget ‘churros,’ sweet fried dough that’s perfect dipped in hot chocolate.

There are also ’empanadas,’ pastries filled with meat or veggies.

And for a drink, try ‘sangria,’ a refreshing mix of red wine and fruit.

Knowing these words opens up the rich flavors of Spanish cooking.

Spanish Body Parts

Want to learn more Spanish words beyond just food items? Let’s dive into some Spanish terms for body parts!

  1. Cabeza – Head
  2. Brazo – Arm
  3. Pierna – Leg
  4. Ojo – Eye

These basic terms are great to know for everyday chats. Try saying them out loud to get better at pronouncing them.

Knowing these words helps you communicate more easily in Spanish and boosts your language skills overall. So, start using them in your everyday conversations. Good luck!

Spanish Conversation Starters

engaging spanish conversation topics

Start talking in Spanish using these straightforward conversation openers to boost your language skills and connect with the culture.

Conversation StartersEnglish Translation
¿Cómo te llamas?What’s your name?
¿Qué hora es?What time is it?
¿De dónde eres?Where are you from?
¿Dónde vives?Where do you live?
¿Puedes ayudarme?Can you help me?

Use these phrases to strike up a chat in Spanish. They’re simple, clear, and direct, making your conversation as smooth as possible.

Spanish Travel Phrases

Let’s boost your Spanish skills with some useful travel phrases. Keep it simple and clear—that’s the Hemingway way.

  1. ¿Dónde está el baño? – Where’s the bathroom?
  2. ¿Cuánto cuesta esto? – What’s this cost?
  3. Quisiera una mesa para dos, por favor – I’d like a table for two, please.
  4. ¿Puede recomendarme un buen restaurante por aquí? – Know any good restaurants around here?

These phrases will make your trip easier. You can ask for directions, check prices, get a spot to eat, and find good food spots.

Practice them before you go, and you’ll have a smoother trip.

Enjoy your travels and use your Spanish to connect with people!

Spanish Question Words

interrogative words in spanish

Learning the basics of Spanish question words is key to better communication. You need to know words like ‘¿Qué?’ (What?), ‘¿Dónde?’ (Where?), ‘¿Cuándo?’ (When?), ‘¿Por qué?’ (Why?), ‘¿Cómo?’ (How?), and ‘¿Cuánto?’ (How much/many?).

These words help you ask about things like names, places, time, reasons, methods, or amounts. Knowing them helps you talk more clearly and get the information you need.

Try using these question words when you talk to others. It’ll make your Spanish smoother and help you understand more. Keep practicing in different situations, and you’ll see how it improves your conversations.

Spanish Time Expressions

Improve your Spanish by learning key time expressions. Here’s what you need to know:

  1. ¿Qué hora es? – What time is it?
  2. Mañana – Tomorrow
  3. Tarde – Afternoon or evening
  4. Antes – Before

These phrases are really handy for talking about time. Try using them when you speak or write in Spanish. It’s a great way to get better at the language.

Spanish Expressions of Emotion

expressing emotion in spanish

Want to know how to show your feelings in Spanish? Let’s look at some simple phrases.

If you’re happy, just say ‘Estoy feliz’ or get excited and shout ‘¡Qué emoción!’

Feeling sad? Simply say ‘Estoy triste.’

When you want to thank someone, it’s ‘¡Gracias!’ and if you need to apologize, go with ‘Lo siento.’

Surprised? Let out a ‘¡Qué sorpresa!’

And if you’re feeling the love, don’t hold back—say ‘Te quiero.’

These phrases are your tools for sharing how you feel, making your Spanish more genuine.

Spanish Classroom Phrases

Boost your Spanish skills by using key phrases needed in the classroom.

  1. How do you say this in Spanish?

This helps you learn new words.

  1. I don’t understand.

Use this when you need clarification.

  1. Can you repeat that, please?

Ask this if you miss what was said.

  1. What’s the homework?

Always know what your assignments are.

Using these phrases will make your classroom experience smoother and help you learn faster. Keep practicing them to get better at Spanish. The more you use them, the more confident you’ll feel. Good luck!

Spanish Shopping Vocabulary

learning spanish shopping phrases

Boost your Spanish skills for a smooth shopping experience. Start with essential phrases like ‘¿Cuánto cuesta?’ which means ‘How much does it cost?’ and ‘¿Tiene usted otra talla?’ or ‘Do you have another size?’

It’s also good to know words like ‘ropa’ for clothing, ‘zapatos’ for shoes, and ‘pantalones’ for pants. These will help you communicate better in stores.

Don’t forget the basics like ‘uno,’ ‘dos,’ and ‘tres’ for counting items and prices. When it’s time to pay, you’ll want to know ‘tarjeta de crédito’ for credit card and ‘efectivo’ for cash.

With these phrases and words, shopping in Spanish-speaking countries will be a lot easier.


Starting with these 15 essential Spanish words and phrases is a solid first step toward mastering the language.

You’ve got the basics from simple greetings to key expressions and numbers.

Keep practicing, and you’ll soon chat in Spanish confidently.

Good luck!

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